BostonScience, Tech & Medicine

UMass Amherst's Professor and ESA's Euclid Space Telescope Tag Team to Untangle Cosmic Web of Dark Matter and Energy

UMass Amherst's Professor and ESA's Euclid Space Telescope Tag Team to Untangle Cosmic Web of Dark Matter and EnergySource: University of Massachusetts Amherst
Sam Cavanaugh
Published on November 22, 2023

Earlier this month, stargazers and cosmologists alike were given a new eye in the sky as the European Space Agency's (ESA) Euclid space telescope beams back its first snapshots of the heavens from its chilly home 1.5 million km from Earth, a quantum leap in our quest to unravel the dark cosmos. The groundbreaking Euclid mission, with a little help from the brainy bunch over at UMass Amherst, including star professor Daniela Calzetti, is looking to scope out the enigmatic dark energy and dark matter that keep scientists up at night as reported by UMass Amherst News.

Here's the scoop: Euclid's got ambitions to map thoroughly the massive cosmic structures playing out across space and time, eyeing billions of galaxies stretching out to a head-spinning 10 billion light-years, all over the celestial sphere. But, not to dampen the excitement, the pesky interstellar dust is to astronomy what a smear is to a photographer's lens—a real party-pooper. As Calzetti puts pointedly, "One of the key properties that we’re detailing," is the so-called 'redshift' of gazillions of galaxies. That's science speak for how the light from these far-off galaxies arrives at our telescopes with more red than when it left, all thanks to the Universe deciding to get a bit roomier.

To get down to the nitty-gritty, measuring this redshift with laser precision is the crux, 'cause it's how pros like Calzetti can figure out what's the deal with dark energy and dark matter. Aim to hit an accuracy sweet spot of 3%–5%, folks—or so they thought, until dust had to go and throw a wrench in the works, muddying up the numbers to a less-than-stellar 10%–15%. However, fear not! Calzetti and her team of whizzes are on the job, concocting corrections faster than a cosmic ray to account for this dusty dilemma she dished to UMass Amherst News.

And for those itching to peep these celestial wonders for themselves, you can catch a glimpse of the stars through Euclid's lens, sans dust and all the cosmic grime, just hop over to the ESA website. There, they're showcasing those galactic glam shots for your viewing pleasure. “My students and I are providing corrections for the effects of dust in determining properties of galaxies with high redshifts and at great distances,” Calzetti elaborated

BostonScience, Tech & Medicine